Dental hypocalcification is a condition that affects tooth enamel, causing stains and weakening the structure of the teeth. Next, from our dental clinic in Malaga, Gross Dentistas, we will explore the causes of this problem, as well as its symptoms and treatments.
Causes of tooth hypocalcification:
- Calcium deficiency: an essential mineral for the formation of teeth, can trigger problems in the mineralization of tooth enamel.A diet poor in calcium or difficulties in the absorption of this mineral during tooth formation can contribute to hypocalcification.
- Metabolic problems: Metabolicconditions, such as disorders of phosphocalcium metabolism, can affect the proper mineralization of tooth enamel. These conditions interfere with the normal biological processes that lead to healthy tooth formation.
- Infections or diseases during childhood: Diseases that generate high fevers during childhood, such as chicken pox or measles, can interfere with the formation of tooth enamel. High body temperatures can adversely affect the mineralization process.
- Excessive fluoride use: Although fluoride is essential for dental health, too much of it can have negative consequences.Dental fluorosis can occur from excessive intake of fluoride during tooth formation, either through drinking water or dental products.
- Genetic factors:Genetic predisposition plays a role in dental health. If there is a family history, there is a greater chance of developing this condition.
Types of Dental Hypocalcification
It can occur in different forms and degrees, and its classification is based on the appearance and extent of tooth abnormalities in the tooth enamel. Here are some common types:
Incisor-Molar Hypomineralization (MIH)
This type commonly affects the first permanent molars and permanent incisors. It is characterized by the presence of areas of enamel with a dull appearance and coloration ranging from yellowish-white to brown. Affected teeth may become more prone to decay.
Diffuse Enamel Opacities (DDE)
They refer to generalized areas of opacity in tooth enamel. These areas can vary in size and shape, and the coloration can range from milky white to yellow or brown.
Focal Enamel Opacities (FOE)
Unlike diffuse opacities, they occur in localized areas of the enamel. They can be white spots or have a darker hue. The appearance and extent of these opacities can vary.
It is characterized by a complete lack of enamel in certain areas of the teeth. This leaves the underlying dentin exposed, which can increase tooth sensitivity and susceptibility to cavities.
Although hypoplasia is not strictly hypocalcification, it is often mentioned in the context of enamel abnormalities. It refers to incomplete or insufficient enamel development, resulting in teeth that may be smaller than normal and more prone to damage.
It is important to note that these types can occur in combination in the same individual, and the severity of the condition can vary.
Symptoms and treatments:
Often manifests with staining on the teeth. These can range from white spots to darker shades, such as yellow or brown. In addition, affected teeth may become more prone to cavities and show sensitivity to heat or cold.
The approach involves several strategies:
- Calcium supplements: These may be prescribed to strengthen tooth development.
- Fluoridation:Helps strengthen tooth enamel.
- Dental sealants: These are a preventative measure that involves applying a protective layer over the teeth to prevent plaque buildup and prevent cavities from forming.
- Oralhygiene: Regular practice of good oral hygiene, including brushing and flossing, is essential to preserving dental health.
- Regular dentalcare: Regular dental checkups allow professionals to assess the dental condition, provide preventative treatments, and advise on healthy practices.
Addressing dental hypocalcification requires a comprehensive approach that combines targeted treatments, rigorous oral care, and regular care by dental health professionals. Identifying the underlying causes and implementing preventative strategies are crucial steps in preserving dental health. If you are looking for more information or have any of these symptoms, do not hesitate to make an appointment with us.