What is dental erosion? Types, symptoms, problems it causes and treatments

At Gross Dentistas we consider it necessary for you to know what dental erosion is, its types, the symptoms, the problems it can cause and the treatments to combat it. In this way, at the slightest sign you can go to our professional dental clinic to avoid worse consequences for your oral health.


What is a dental erosion?

Dental erosion corresponds to the weakening of tooth enamel due to habitual and prolonged contact with acids. In this sense, it should be noted that part of the structure of the teeth is lost.

Now that you know what dental erosion is, we will tell you what types there are

After knowing what dental erosion is, it is important to know that there are several types, specifically two, which we show below:

Intrinsic dental erosion

Intrinsic dental erosion is one that originates from an origin of the organism, that is, it is not due to external factors. It is more frequent in people who have stomach problems, psychological instability or who have a poor diet.

Extrinsic dental erosion

On the other hand, we find extrinsic dental erosion, which is produced by the daily intake of medications and certain foods. An example of this are those that contain a high content of hydrochloric acid.

Symptoms of dental erosion

Knowing what dental erosion is and its types has been able to clarify some of your doubts on this matter. But do you know the symptoms they produce? It is important that you know them since they are obvious signs of the damage they cause to your oral health.

Extreme tooth sensitivity

Extreme tooth sensitivity is one of the symptoms of dental erosion. Since the teeth become less tolerant to exposure to harmful agents.

Tooth discoloration

Damage to the enamel can also cause the teeth to look more yellow, since the layer in charge of providing color is especially affected.

Smaller Teeth

Another of the visible symptoms is that by decreasing the size of the enamel, the teeth are more rounded, which causes them to be smaller.

Cracks in teeth

Last but not least, we must mention the cracks or crevices in the teeth.

What problems can this weakening of the enamel cause?

It is evident that the weakening of the enamel has negative aesthetic repercussions. But when the severity of the pathology progresses, the damage is more irreversible, obtaining as a result the consequences that we show below:

  • Extreme dental sensitivity
  • Dark shade of enamel
  • More pronounced cracks
  • Teeth with notable deficiencies

Treatments to combat dental erosion

You already have more information about what dental erosion is, but there is still treatment to combat it, which will vary depending on the specific needs of each patient and the degree of severity.

Grade one

In milder cases, the patient will only have to follow the guidelines set by their dentist, thus preventing further damage.

Grade two

This weakening is more advanced, so it is essential that the specialist perform a obturation or place aesthetic veneers.

Grade three

When the stage is severe, it will affect different areas of the tooth. Therefore, it is recommended that the patient undergo a recomposition, inlay, endodontics or implant placement.

Leave your oral health in the hands of our professionals

At the slightest suspicion that your dental health is affected, it is recommended that you go to a professional dental clinic, as is the case with Gross Dentistas. Our professionals will be in charge of making a study of your case and initiating the treatment that best suits you.

For more information on what dental erosion is or for any other question, contact us.


Ortodoncista Dra. Concha Gross de Bethencourt

Ortodoncista especializada en el sistema de ortodoncia invisible, extensa trayectoria profesional y un gran número de pacientes satisfechos con los resultados obtenidos tras la finalización de su tratamiento.

Doctoralia | Masquemédicos | Topdoctors

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