Oral fibroma is a clinical entity that can arise in the oral cavity, presenting as a lesion that, although generally benign, requires attention and evaluation by dental health professionals. In this article, we will explore the characteristics of oral fibroma, how it manifests itself and the diagnostic and treatment options available.
What does an Oral Fibroma look like?
Oral fibroma is a mass of fibrous tissue that can develop in various areas of the oral cavity. Although its precise origin is not always clear, factors such as chronic irritation, mechanical stress or constant pressure may contribute to its formation. Some of the key features of oral fibroma are described below:
1. Common location:
Often found on the gums, cheek, tongue or inner lining of the mouth.
2. Appearance and sensation:
Presents as a solid, firm mass, often with a pink or gum-like appearance. To the touch, it can feel like a hard lump or dome.
3. Variable in size:
Can vary in size from small polyps to larger lesions.
4. Association with ulcers:
In some cases, they may be associated with ulcers or lesions in the mouth.
5. Possible association with stress:
It has been suggested that mechanical stress, such as repeated biting or constant pressure, may play a role in the development of oral fibroma.
6. Differentiation from other tumours:
It is important to differentiate oral fibroma from other types of oral tumours, such as neurofibroma, by clinical evaluations and, in some cases, biopsies.
Diagnosis and treatment of Oral Fibroma.
Diagnosis of oral fibroma involves a thorough assessment by a professional, visiting your dental clinic in Malaga. The following measures can be carried out:
Review the patient’s medical history, gather information about the patient’s medical history, including the duration and changes in the lesion, as well as any associated symptoms. A clinical, visual and tactile examination of the lesion is performed to assess its size, texture and location. And finally a biopsy is performed, to obtain a tissue sample and confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment of oral fibroma can vary depending on the nature and size of the lesion. The most common options include:
In some cases, especially if the fibroid is small and does not cause discomfort, careful observation without immediate intervention may be chosen.
Surgery is a common option to remove it, especially if it is large or causing pain to the patient.
If stress is identified as a contributing factor, attempting to lower stress may be an integral part of treatment.
After treatment, it is recommended to monitor oral health and detect any signs of recurrence.
Oral hygiene education:
Guidance is provided on the importance of good oral hygiene to prevent irritation and the development of future lesions.
Oral fibroma is an oral lesion that, although usually benign, requires professional attention and evaluation. Accurate diagnosis, often through biopsies, and personalised treatment options are essential to address it and ensure the patient’s continued oral health.
If you have any concerns about lesions in the mouth, we encourage you to schedule a consultation with us.