Inflamed gums: What are they and how do they work?

encias inflamadas

Inflamed gums are a common problem that affects many people at some point in their lives. This condition, also known as gingivitis, can cause discomfort and affect overall oral health.

For this reason, it is important to know their causes and how to solve them correctly. From our dental clinic in Malaga, Gross Dentists, we show you all the details below.

These are the reasons why gums become inflamed

Inflamed gums can be the result of several causes, the most common being the following:

Accumulation of dental plaque

Dental plaque is a sticky layer made up of bacteria and food debris that accumulates in the teeth and along the gum line. If not removed properly by good oral hygiene, it can irritate the gums and cause inflammation.


Gingivitis, on the other hand, is a mild form of gum disease and is a major cause of gingival inflammation.

It occurs due to an inflammatory response of the body to the accumulation of plaque and bacteria in the teeth and gums. If left untreated, it can progress to more severe periodontal disease.

Poor or poor oral hygiene

The lack of a proper oral hygiene routine, which includes dental brushing and flossing, can allow the accumulation of dental plaque and bacteria, which leads to the pathology in question.

Hormonal changes

Hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy, puberty, or menopause can make the gums more sensitive and prone to inflammation.

Certain medications

Some medicines, such as oral contraceptives, can cause changes in the gums and increase the risk of inflammation.


Tobacco can negatively affect gum health and increase the likelihood of inflammation and periodontal disease.

What to do if your gums are swollen?

If your gums are swollen, it is important to take steps to fix the problem and preserve your oral health. Some recommended actions are:

Improve your oral hygiene

Improve your oral hygiene to remove dental plaque and prevent gum inflammation.

Brush your teeth at least three times a day with a soft bristle brush and fluoridated toothpaste. It also uses floss to clean between your teeth and below the gum line.

Start brushing your teeth like a pro!

Mouthwash with salt water

Prepare a warm salt water solution and rinse your mouth for 30 seconds after brushing your teeth.

Salt water helps reduce inflammation and promotes gum healing.

Prevents irritants

Avoid hot, spicy, or acidic foods and beverages that can irritate inflamed gums. Also, avoid smoking and drinking alcohol, as they can aggravate the problem and delay healing.

Schedule a visit to the dentist

If the inflammation persists or worsens, it is advisable to seek professional dental care.

A dentist will be able to assess the condition of your gums, determine the underlying cause of the inflammation, and provide you with appropriate treatment.

This may include a professional dental cleaning to remove dental plaque, as well as treating any underlying conditions, such as gingivitis or periodontal disease.

Our dental clinic is here to preserve your oral health

At Gross Dentists we take care of your oral health and help you solve problems such as inflamed gums.

Our team of highly trained professionals with extensive experience in periodontics and dental care is ready to serve you.

Healthy gums and healthy teeth!

Contact us!

Ortodoncista Dra. Concha Gross de Bethencourt

Ortodoncista especializada en el sistema de ortodoncia invisible, extensa trayectoria profesional y un gran número de pacientes satisfechos con los resultados obtenidos tras la finalización de su tratamiento.

Doctoralia | Masquemédicos | Topdoctors

Abrir WhatsApps
Hola.. Hi!👋
¿Podemos ayudarle?... We can help you?