The type of dental malocclusion that occurs when the teeth of the upper jaw bone protrude appreciably over the teeth of the lower jaw bone are called an overbite. This pathology can have different causes, such as poor alignment of the teeth, lack of development of the lower jaw bone, among others.
From Gross Dentistas, your dental clinic in Malaga, we are going to tell you how to solve an overbite in children and adults. But first, it is key to know the main factors that cause it.
Causes of overbite in children and adults
As we have just mentioned, in order to know how to solve an overbite in children and adults, it is first important to know what has caused it. The causes can be various, including hereditary, acquired and environmental.
Causes of overbite in children
The most common cause of an overbite in children is disproportionate development of the dental and jaw structures. This can be caused by genetics, early development of the palate, prolonged sucking on the finger or pacifier, poor sleeping posture, among others.
Causes of overbite in adults
In adults, the most common cause of an underbite is erosion of the jawbone due to loss of natural teeth or tooth extraction due to disease or injury. However, it can also be noticed by poor posture or a bad bite due to dental wear or periodontitis.
In any case, it is important that the cause is identified early and treated as soon as possible by a dental health professional. In this way, long-term complications in chewing, speaking, jaw pain, among others, will be avoided.
Solutions for overbite in children and adults
Now that you know the causes of overbite in children and adults, it is the perfect opportunity for you to find out what solutions exist for this pathology of dental malocclusion.
During childhood interceptive orthodontics
Between 5 and 11 years of age, overbite in children can be corrected with an interceptive orthodontic appliance. With this device, what is intended to be achieved is to widen the palate at the appropriate moment to ensure that the growth of the maxillary bones is proportional to each other.
During adulthood orthodontics and maxillofacial surgery
From the age of approximately 14, when the maxillary bones have already grown, the option to correct this anomaly is to start an orthodontic treatment that achieves a correct dental allusion as a result.
However, in those situations in which there is asymmetry between the jaws, maxillofacial surgery will be inevitable to solve it. Normally, after this type of surgery it is also necessary to start an orthodontic treatment to obtain optimal results.
Start your orthodontic treatment in our clinics
As you may have seen, to correct overbite in children and adults, dental appliances are very important. For this reason, we want to emphasize that in our clinics you will only find the best on the market.
In addition, our professionals have extensive experience and have the appropriate knowledge to guarantee the success of the results. In the same way, at first they will study your particular case to propose a customized solution.
Remember that solving the overbite in both children and adults will prevent oral problems in the future, such as speech, chewing, oral hygiene, among many others.
If you would like more information on this matter or on any other matter of interest related to our specialities, contact us.